The detectors, called 1L222 Avtobaza, passively collect electromagnetic radiation from surrounding airspace and identify its sources. Those include side-looking airborne radars used in combat aircraft, targeting radars of air-to-surface weapons, and radars used to guide aircraft flying at extremely low altitudes. This deal, announced in Moscow
Tuesday, Oct. 25, substantially boosts Russian military assistance to the Islamic Republic.
debkafile’s military sources: These radar jammers are a component of Russia's most sophisticated anti-aircraft and electronic warfare system for the early warning of approaching assault planes and missiles.
Avtobaza is only part of the complete system. Its job is to transmit incoming information via optic fibers to separate electronic command centers and central air defense commands which then act to foil air or missile attacks.
Arguing that the weapon is purely defensive, Moscow claimed its sale to Iran does not violate the UN Security Council weapons embargo against Iran.
However, the US and Israel are reported to suspect a Russian stratagem whereby the Avotbaza jammers are only the first part of the deal, to be followed by the delivery to Iran of the full ELINT-electronic signals intelligence system. The full system would enable Iran to identity and react to any aerial or missile movements – not only over its territory but in the skies of the entire Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea.
debkafile’s military sources describe the Avrobaza system as able to simultaneously detect and electronically jam 60 targets within a 150-kilometer radius at angles ranging 360 degrees on 20 minutes notice.
Western suspicions were alerted by the way the Russians announced the transaction.
It was made by Konstantin Biryulin, head of a department in the Russian Defense Ministry, a departure from the usual practice of announcing these transactions through spokesmen of Russia arms export industry agencies outside the government ministry.
debkafile’s sources in Moscow take this to mean that the Kremlin will henceforth treat arms sales to Iran as a strategic matter for senior security echelons to handle. They expect such deals with Syria to be upgraded in the same way.
In his statement, Biryulin stressed, “Russia has sent a set of mobile radar jammers to Iran and is negotiating future deliveries.” He did not say how many jammers were in the contract or what other weapons were under negotiation with Tehran.
American and Israeli notice was also piqued by another of Biryulin’s remarks:
“We are not talking about jets, submarines or even S-300 (missile) systems," he said. "We are talking about providing security for the Iranian state.”
Our Moscow sources take this also as the Kremlin's notice that this time it will not surrender to US and Israeli pressure for calling off the Avtobaza deal in the same way as it revoked its contract with Iran for supplying S-300 missiles. From now on, Russia is undertaking responsibility for providing Iran with the defensive hardware it needs for its national security.
Implied in this undertaking is another message: Russia will not stand for American or any other Western attacks on Iran or Syria like the NATO operation which overthrew Muammar Qaddafi in Libya.
Kvant 1L222 Avtobaza ELINT System
Rosoboronexport Description (Cite):
The Avtobaza ELINT system is designed to detect airborne side-looking radars, air-toground fire-control radars and low-altitude flight control radars, as well as to provide intelligence data for the 1L125M APUR.
- equipment vehicle based on the Ural-43203 chassis with the K1.4320 van
- ED2x16-T230P-1VAS electric power generator in the K1.4320 van on the Ural 4310 chassis
Russian sources have reported the development of the Valeria E which appears to be Russian designed and built replacement for the Czechoslovak KRTP-86/91 Tamara series of emitter locating systems. To date no imagery of the antenna system and vehicles has been published.
The system is intended to detect, track and identify airborne emitters, including radars and support jamming aircraft, from VHF through to the Ku/Ka bands. A cylindral wideband phased array antenna is employed.
Cited Capabilities (Rusarmy.com):
- Automatic detection and measurement of emitter coordinates (range, azimuth, angle of elevation, altitude and velocity vector);
- Determining emitter and platform kinematic parameters (air-space, ground and surface);
- Recognition of the type and class of targets from their emissions, classification of objectives in terms of threats and priorities for their destruction;
- Locating opposing ground based emitters;
- MASINT/ELINT collection tasks;
- Threat warning and raid warning;
- Enemy Electronic OrBat analysis;
- Threat detection, tracking and cueing for fighter GCI and medium and long range SAM systems under conditions of jamming, and attack by anti-radiation missiles, cruise missiles, and low observable PGMs.
|Основные характеристики: |
|Диапазон, ГГц |
Frequency coverage [GHz]
|0,15-18; (0,15-48) |
0.15 to 18 / 0.15 to 48
|Диапазон прослушивания УКВ связи, МГц |
VHF band coverage [MHz]
|Зона обзора (относительно ЦП): |
по дальности, км
по азимуту, град.
по высоте, км
|Рубежи обнаружения целей по собственным излучениям (БРЛС) и ПАП, км: |
Emitter coverage [km]:
на высоте, м:
по целям AN/APY-1
|800-850 (до 1000 при наличии прямой видимости) |
800-850 (up to 1000 LOS permitting)
|Точность определения местоположения по сигналам БРЛС: |
Emitter locating accuracy:
по дальности, км
по азимуту, угл. мин.
по высоте (усредненная по трассе) на участке, м:
0- 250 км
0- 500 км
|Количество одновременно сопровождаемых целей |
Number of tracked targets
|Выдаваемая информация |
|трассы, параметры траекторий движения и типы целей и ПАП |
tracks, kinematic parameters, type of emitter and mode
|Потребляемая мощность, кВт: |
Power consumption [kW]
|не более 16|
|не более 15|
|Среднее время наработки на отказ, ч |
|Дежурная смена для мобильного варианта, чел. |
Crew complement of mobile variant
|Количество транспортных единиц |
Number of vehicles (mobile/transportable variant)